The Atlantic Slave trade was a major social and cultural development in Europe and the New World from the 16th to 19th centuries. Most salves were captured in West Africa and transported to the New World.
The Portuguese were the first to capture slaves in Africa and force them into hard labor in the New World . They captured slaves from Africa because they needed many laborers to produce the crops the were know to trade for:
The Second Atlantic System includes the rest of the slave trade from 1580 to the 19th century. Slave traders included Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English captains at this time. Most slaves were transported to the Caribbean Islands at this time, where each country had several territories.
The Atlantic Slave Trade abused the lives of about 10,000,000 slaves while it was going. Over half the slaves were captured and traded in the 18th century, with England being the largest shipper of slaves.
Cromwell was a political and military leader in the England during the English Civil War. He accomplished much in his lifetime and influenced the government of England for many years.
Cromwell was born into a noble family in 1599. His family was quite poor, but he used his family name to become active in politics. Cromwell became a member of Parliament in 1628 and was part of the group opposed to Charles’s abusive tyranny. He began gathering and army to oppose the king. He accepted anyone, rich or poor, into his army, as long as they were ready to fight. Lacking military training, Cromwell studied old wars and tactics and discarded modern battle formulas. As a result, ha became a strategic genius and was quite cunning in battle. His attacks were brutal and he is remembered negatively for this part of his life.
When Cromwell returned to England, he found himself to be the most famous citizen. Parliament had been broken up, so Cromwell helped rework the constitution of England. The country became a republic and Cromwell was named the Protectorate of the Commonwealth of England.
China has a huge variety in geography. It has the Himalayas mountain in the south, Gobi desert in the north, many river valleys and mountainous regions in the center, and a large coastline with the Pacific Ocean.
By 500 AD China had already had several impressive dynasties Xia, Shang, Zhou, Qin, and the Han dynasty. After the Han dynasty, China was almost divided in half politically, until the Tang Empire reunited it in 618.
In the pictures above you can see how China changed. In 1450 the Ming empire ruled but by 1750 the Qing Empire had taken over and conquered more land.
George I was born in 1660, in a region in Hanover. For the years of his life, he was the only heir to the German lands of his father and uncles. George became the monarch of Great Britain at the age of 54, when his second cousin, Queen Anne, died. Over 50 other people had closer blood ties to the throne than George, but he was the closest Protestant. In 1701 the Act of Settlement was established and it prohibited any Catholics from inheriting the British throne The Jacobites believed that James Francis Stuart was the rightful ruler, and they tried to rid George from throne but failed. When George I died, his son George II took over.
George II was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain, being born and up to Hanover. At first, George II was associated with politics, unlike his father, but he later joined the government party before becoming king in 1777. Although George overcame troubles from the Jacobites and outlived his son, his is remembered for almost nothing positive.
George Whitefield was born in Gloucester, England in 1714. His parents were poor innkeepers and George did not have the money to attend college. As a result, he paid for his college by being a servant at Oxford. Whitefield was initiated into the legalistic style of Christianity during his time at Oxford. He had a conversation experience finally after crying out to God in prayer one day. After this, Whitefield became passionate about the things of God and began preaching. After becoming preacher, George Whitefield visited the American colonies as a parish priest. While there he saw an orphanage in great need and decided that, along with preaching, would be his life works. He returned to England to raise funds and continue preaching. Some people claimed that his voice could be heard for 5 miles, allowing him to preach to thousands of people at once. Whitefield also play a role on the founding of America by warning the colonists that the king would take away their liberties over time. Whitefield visited the colonies a total of 7 times, and eventually died and buried there in 1770.